Maintaining good study habits can be difficult—especially when you really would rather be doing, well, anything else. It can be frustrating to continue trying and trying to retain information and just finding yourself burnt out. We’ve all been there.
Maybe you’re trying to get through finals week. Or maybe you just have an insanely big and stressful test coming up.
If your usual methods and study techniques haven’t been working for you, it’s time to change it up. Below are three study methods that are great tools for improving your study game and retaining new material and information.
Note: these are excellent methods for when you have a lot of text or written material to cover, understand, and absorb. If you’re working from a textbook which you own, it could be beneficial to whip out your highlighter and/or pen to do some annotating.
SQ34 Study Method
This is a good study method for when you need to go through a chapter (or several) and nail down the information.
Survey: Surveying includes reading/skimming over important information such as the title, introductions/summaries, bold headings, and graphics.
Question: Next, create as many questions as you think necessary for each section. To make this easier on yourself, look at the bold headings and try to turn them into questions.
Read: Keeping your questions in mind, read the sections and try to find answers. You can keep looking for new questions as you go.
Recite: In between sections, see if you can answer the questions without looking at your notes. If you can’t, continue to look back at the text/your notes. Resist moving onto the next section until you can recite the answers from the current section.
Review: After finishing the chapter, go over all your questions and see if you can answer them from memory. If not, look back over your materials, then try again.
PQ4R Study Method
This is another great tool for studying text passages or sections.
Preview: Similarly to the “Survey” step in the SQ34 method, you’ll want to look over the pages you’ll be reading and take in each heading and any important dividing sections. In each section, read the first and last paragraph of each section and look at graphics.
Question: After your preview, ask yourself questions about what you learned. Try to pinpoint the main ideas you think will come up, and what you expect to learn from the sections.
Read: Read the section and take note of any key ideas.
Reflect: Afterward, reflect on what you read. Think about how the information fits into what you already know, and the new information you have learned.
Recite: Next, discuss the material with someone else or record yourself doing it on your own. You can also write down information instead of reading it outloud, as this is still a good way to retain new knowledge.
Review: Finally, reflect on the key points in the information. Note whether or not your questions were answered and if you fully comprehend all the material.
THIEVES Study Method
Use the THIEVES study method to better absorb and retain text-based information.
Title: Note the title and what you know about the topic. Recognize what the topic has to do with the preceding chapter (if there is one). Think about what you expect to learn and read about in the chapter/section.
Headings: Ask whether the heading indicates the information you’ll be reading about. Think about turning the header into a question that you can answer through reading the text.
Introduction: If there’s an intro paragraph, see if it introduces the chapter and tells you what you’ll be reading about.
Every first sentence: Think about what the chapter/section might be about based on the first sentences of paragraphs.
Visuals & vocabulary: Look at any photographs, graphs, charts, maps, or other visuals. Can you learn anything from these? Read the captions to better understand the interpretations and meanings of each. Look at any vocabulary or definition lists and jot down any important words that could help you comprehend material. Note any bolded words that might be key to understanding the information.
End-of-chapter questions: Many textbooks will have questions at the end of chapters which you can use to review the information. Note the information within these questions, since it’s probably key to understanding the concepts as a whole.
Summary; Finally, reflect on everything you just learned and think about what you understand and have retained.
Hopefully one of the above methods can help you break through your studying rut and get going. If not, there are plenty of other ways to improve your study methods—for instance, you can try utilizing useful study apps, or you can see if office hours help you.
If nothing has worked for you thus far, consider trying out an online tutoring session.
My Private Professor is happy to help you, in whatever subject you need help, and wherever your skill level may be. Check out our top-notch tutors and consider booking a session from the comfort of your home, your backyard, or really anywhere at all.
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